Financial Accounting Terms Dictionary

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Financial Accounting Terms
Users of Accounting Information


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Users of Accounting Information
   

Users of accounting information

1. External users
2. Internal users
 

External users of accounting information

External users include
 
Investors
Creditors
Customers
Suppliers
Employees
Government organizations
 

Internal users of accounting information

Internal users include
 
Management
Managers of operations

Financial accounting for external users

Financial accounting provides information for external users.
 
Financial accounting information is used for decision making by external users, such as investors and creditors.
 

Managerial accounting for internal users

Managerial accounting provides information for internal users.
 
Managerial accounting information is used for decision making by internal users, such as the management or operational managers.
 





Decisions by external users

Examples
 
1. To buy or sell the shares of the entity
2. To loan money to the entity
3. To have sales or purchase transactions with the entity
4. To impose taxes
 

Decisions by internal users

Examples
 
1. To analyze the profitability by products and operational units
2. To decide the need for cash flows to support the operations
3. To decide whether to buy or sell business segments
4. To decide whether to build new production facilities
  

Accounting related organizations

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
http://www.sec.gov

Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)
http://www.fasb.org/home

International Accounting Standards Board (IASB)
http://www.iasb.org
  
American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA)
http://www.aicpa.org
  





U.S. GAAP by Codification Topic 
 
 105  GAAP Hierarchy 
 105  GAAP History 

 205  Presentation of Financial Statements 
 205-20 Discontinued Operations 
 210  Balance Sheet 
 210-20 Offsetting 
 220  Comprehensive Income 
 225  Income Statement 
 225-20 Extraordinary and Unusual Items 
 230  Statement of Cash Flows 
 250  Accounting Changes and Error Corrections 
 260  Earnings per Share 
 270  Interim Reporting
 
 310  Impairment of a Loan
 320  Investment Securities 
 320  Other-Than-Temporary Impairments, FSP FAS 115-2 
 320-10-05 Overview of Investments in Other Entities 
 320-10-35 Reclassification of Investments in Securities
 323-10 Equity Method Investments
 323-30 Investments in Partnerships and Joint Ventures 
 325-20 Cost Method Investments 
 330  Inventory

 340-20 Capitalized Advertising Costs 
 350-20 Goodwill 
 350-30 Intangibles Other than Goodwill 
 350-40 Internal-Use Software 
 350-50 Website Development Costs 
 360  Property, Plant and Equipment
 360-20 Real Estate Sales 
 
 410  Asset Retirement and Environmental Obligations 
 420  Exit or Disposal Cost Obligations 
 450  Contingencies 
 450-20 Loss Contingencies 
 450-30 Gain Contingencies
 480  Redeemable Financial Instruments 

 505-20 Stock Dividends, Stock Splits 
 505-30 Treasury Stock 

 605  SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin, Topic 13 
 605-25 Revenue Recognition - Multiple Element Arrangements 
 
 715-30 Defined Benefit Plans - Pension
 718  Share-Based Payment 
 730  Research and Development 
 730-20 Research and Development Arrangements 

 805  Business Combinations  
 810  Consolidation 
 810  Noncontrolling Interests 
 810  Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, SFAS 167 
 
 815  Derivatives and Hedging Overview 

 820  Fair Value Measurements  
 820  Fair value when the markets are not active, FSP FAS 157-4
 825  Fair Value Option 

 830  Foreign Currency Matters 
 830-20 Foreign Currency Transactions 
 830-30 Translation of Financial Statements 
 835  Interest 
 835-20 Capitalization of Interest 
 835-30 Imputation of Interest 

 840  Leases 
 840-20 Operating Leases 
 840-30 Capital Leases 
 840-40 Sale-Leaseback Transactions
 845  Nonmonetary Transactions 

 855  Subsequent Events 
 860-20 Sale of Financial Assets, SFAS 166 
 860-50 Servicing Assets and Liabilities, SFAS 156 

 985-20 Costs of software to be sold  

 



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